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About this guidance
What is the status of this guidance?
Who is this guidance for?
A child-centred and coordinated approach to safeguarding

Chapter 1: Assessing need and providing help

Early help
Identifying children and families who would benefit from early help
Effective assessment of the need for early help
Provision of effective early help services
Accessing help and services
Information sharing
Assessments under the Children Act 1989
The purpose of assessment
The principles and parameters of a good assessment
Focusing on the needs and views of the child
Developing a clear analysis
Focusing on outcomes
Local protocols for assessment
Processes for managing individual cases
Flow chart 1: Action taken when a child is referred to local authority children's social care services
Flow chart 2: Immediate protection
Flow chart 3: Action taken for an assessment of a child under the Children Act 1989
Flow chart 4: Action following a strategy discussion
Flow chart 5: What happens after the child protection conference, including the review?
Flow chart 6: Children returning home from care to their families

Chapter 2: Organisational responsibilities

Section 11 of the Children Act 2004
Individual organisational responsibilities
Schools and colleges
Early Years and Childcare
Health Services
Adult social care services
Housing services
British Transport Police
Prison Service
Probation Service
The secure estate for children
Youth Offending Teams
UK Visas and Immigration, Immigration Enforcement and the Border Force
Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service
Armed Services
Voluntary and private sectors
Faith Organisations

Chapter 3: Local Safeguarding Children Boards

Statutory objectives and functions of LSCBs
LSCB membership
LSCB Chair, accountability and resourcing
Information sharing

Chapter 4: Learning and improvement framework

Principles for learning and improvement
Notifiable Incidents
Serious Case Reviews
National panel of independent experts on Serious Case Reviews

Chapter 5: Child death reviews

Responsibilities of Local Safeguarding Children Boards (LSCBs)
Responsibilities of Child Death Overview Panels
Definition of preventable child deaths
Action by professionals when a child dies unexpectedly
Flow chart 7: Process to be followed for all child deaths
Flow chart 8: Process for rapid response to the unexpected death of a child


Appendix A: Glossary
Appendix B: Statutory framework

Table A: Bodies and individuals covered by key duties
Appendix C: Further sources of information
  Department of Health: Recognised, Valued and Supported: next steps for the carers strategy