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Contents: 2010 Edition

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UPDATE:

The Department for Education has published the 2013 edition of the Working Together guidance. You can access our web-enabled version via the 'contents' tab at the top of this website.

 

Working Together to Safeguard Children: Executive Summary


Introduction
  Part 1: Statutory guidance
  Part 2: Non-statutory practice guidance

Preface

  Introduction
  Purpose of the document and who should read it
  Content of this guidance
  Other related guidance
  Status of the document as statutory guidance
  When does the guidance apply?


Part 1: Statutory Guidance

Chapter 1 – Introduction: working together to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and families

  Supporting children and families Paragraph(s) 1.1 - 1.3
  Parenting, family life and services 1.4 - 1.6
  Lord Laming’s progress report 1.7 - 1.8
  The Government’s response 1.9
  An integrated approach 1.10 - 1.11
  A shared responsibility 1.12 - 1.14
  The child in focus 1.15 - 1.18
  Key definitions 1.19 - 1.36


Chapter 2 – Roles and responsibilities

  Introduction Paragraph(s) 2.1
  The statutory framework within which organisations operate 2.2 - 2.10
  Infrastructure and governance to deliver safeguarding responsibilities 2.11
  Information sharing 2.12 - 2.14
  ContactPoint 2.15
  Common Assessment Framework (CAF) 2.16 - 2.17
  Local authorities that are children’s services authorities 2.18 - 2.27
  Other local authority roles 2.28 - 2.38
  Health services 2.39 - 2.41
  Health organisations 2.42 - 2.77
  Roles of different health services 2.78 - 2.107
  Health professionals 2.108 - 2.122
  Criminal justice organisations 2.123 - 2.154
  Schools and further education institutions 2.155 - 2.165
  Early years services 2.166 - 2.171
  Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service (Cafcass) 2.172 - 2.175
  The armed services 2.176 - 2.182
  The voluntary and private sectors 2.183 - 2.188
  Faith communities 2.189 - 2.193


Chapter 3 – Local Safeguarding Children Boards

  LSCB role Paragraph(s) 3.3 - 3.6
  Scope of the LSCB 3.7 - 3.11
  LSCB functions 3.12 - 3.25
  Other policies and procedures 3.26 - 3.49
  LSCB governance and operational arrangements 3.50 - 3.61
  Membership of an LSCB 3.62 - 3.112


Chapter 4 – Training, development and supervision for inter-agency working 

  Introduction and definitions Paragraph(s) 4.1 - 4.3
  Purpose 4.4
  Roles and responsibilities 4.5 - 4.23
  Content, audiences and values 4.24 - 4.36
  Planning, organisation, delivery and evaluation 4.37 - 4.47
  Effective support and supervision 4.48 - 4.55
  Table 1: Suggested training for different target groups  


Chapter 5 – Managing individual cases where there are concerns about a child’s safety and welfare

  Introduction Paragraph(s) 5.1 - 5.2
  Working with children when there are concerns about their safety and welfare 5.3
  Principles underpinning work to safeguard and promote the welfare of children 5.4 - 5.5
  The processes for safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children 5.6 - 5.15
  The welfare of unborn children 5.16
  Referrals to local authority children’s social care where there are concerns about a child’s safety or welfare 5.17 - 5.31
  Response of local authority children’s social care to a referral 5.32 - 5.37
  Initial assessment 5.38 - 5.47
  Next steps – child in need but no suspected actual or likely significant harm 5.48 - 5.49
  Next steps – suspicion that a child is suffering, or is likely to suffer, significant harm 5.50
  Immediate protection 5.51 - 5.55
  Strategy discussion 5.56 - 5.61
  Section 47 enquiries and core assessment 5.62 - 5.69
  Child Assessment Orders 5.70
  The impact of section 47 enquiries on the family and child 5.71 - 5.73
  The outcome of section 47 enquiries 5.74
  Concerns are not substantiated 5.75 - 5.76
  Concerns are substantiated, but the child is not judged to be continuing to, or be likely to, suffer significant harm 5.77 - 5.80
  Concerns are substantiated and the child is judged to be continuing to, or be likely to, suffer significant harm 5.81
  The initial child protection conference 5.82 - 5.112
  Action following the initial child protection conference 5.113 - 5.119
  Completion of the core assessment 5.120 - 5.121
  The child protection plan 5.122 - 5.127
  Intervention 5.128 - 5.135
  The child protection review conference 5.136 - 5.140
  Discontinuing the child protection plan 5.141 - 5.143
  Children looked after by the local authority 5.144 - 5.148
  Pre-birth child protection conferences and reviews 5.149
  Recording that a child is the subject of a child protection plan 5.150 - 5.151
  Managing and providing information about a child 5.152 - 5.155
  Recording in individual case records 5.156 - 5.160
  Request for a change of worker 5.161


Chapter 6 – Supplementary guidance on safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children

  Introduction Paragraph(s) 6.1
  Sexually exploited children 6.2 - 6.4
  Children affected by gang activity 6.5
  Fabricated or induced illness (FII) 6.6 - 6.9
  Investigating complex (organised or multiple) abuse 6.10 - 6.13
  Female genital mutilation 6.14 - 6.19
  Forced marriage and honour-based violence 6.20 - 6.31
  Allegations of abuse made against a person who works with children 6.32 - 6.42
  Abuse of disabled children 6.43 - 6.48
  Child abuse linked to belief in ‘spirit possession’ 6.49 - 6.53
  Child victims of trafficking 6.54 - 6.66


Chapter 7 – Child death review processes 

  Introduction Paragraph(s) 7.1 - 7.3
  Overall principles 7.4 - 7.6
  Involvement of parents and family members (for all child deaths) 7.7 - 7.12
  The Regulations relating to child deaths 7.13 - 7.14
  Supply of information about child deaths by registrars 7.15 - 7.17
  Duty and powers of coroners to share information 7.8 - 7.19
  Duty and powers of Medical Examiners (MEs) to share information 7.20
  Definition of an unexpected death of a child 7.21 - 7.22
  Definition of preventable child deaths 7.23 - 7.24
  LSCB responsibilities for the child death review processes 7.25 - 7.31
  Procedures to be followed by the local Child Death Overview Panel (for all child deaths) 7.32 - 7.36
  The process to be followed by Child Death Overview Panels (for all child deaths) 7.37 - 7.47
  Roles and responsibilities when responding rapidly to an unexpected death of a child 7.48 - 7.50
  Other related processes 7.51 - 7.56
  Processes for a rapid response from professionals to all unexpected deaths of children (0–18 years) 7.57 - 7.94
  Use of child death information to prevent future deaths 7.95 - 7.96


Chapter 8 – Serious case reviews 

  Reviewing and investigative functions
of Local Safeguarding Children Boards
Paragraph(s) 8.1 - 8.4
  The purposes of Serious Case Reviews 8.5 - 8.7
  Safeguarding siblings or other children 8.8
  When should a LSCB undertake a Serious Case Review? 8.9 - 8.10
  When should a LSCB consider undertaking a Serious Case Review? 8.11 - 8.12
  Which LSCB should take lead responsibility? 8.13
  Membership of SCR sub-committees and SCR Panels 8.14 - 8.16
  Instigating a Serious Case Review 8.17 - 8.21
  Timescales for initiating and undertaking a Serious Case Review 8.22 - 8.27
  Who should be involved in the Serious Case Review? 8.28 - 8.33
  Individual management reviews – general principles 2.34 - 8.39
  The Serious Case Review overview report 8.40
  SCR Panel responsibilities for the overview report 8.41
  The executive summary 8.42
  LSCB action on receiving the Serious Case Review report 8.43 - 8.46
  Reviewing institutional abuse 8.47 - 8.48
  Accountability and disclosure 8.49 - 8.51
  Learning lessons locally 8.52 - 8.55
  Learning lessons nationally 8.56


Part 2: Non-statutory practice guidance 

Chapter 9 – Lessons from research 

  Introduction Paragraph(s) 9.1 - 9.2
  The impact of maltreatment on children 9.3 - 9.7
  Physical abuse 9.8
  Emotional abuse 9.9
  Sexual abuse 9.10 - 9.11
  Neglect 9.12
  Sources of stress for children and families 9.13 - 9.15
  Social exclusion 9.16
  Domestic violence 9.17 - 9.26
  Mental illness of a parent or carer 9.27 - 9.36
  Parental problem drug use 9.37 - 9.46
  Parental problem alcohol use 9.47 - 9.55
  Parents with a Learning Disability 9.56 - 9.66


Chapter 10 – Implementing the principles on working with children and their families 

  Introduction Paragraph(s) 10.1
  Family group conferences 10.2 - 10.4
  Support, advice and advocacy to children and families 10.5 - 10.6
  Communication and information 10.7 - 10.8
  Race, ethnicity and culture 10.9 - 10.13
  Children in ‘Families at risk’ having very poor outcomes 10.14 - 10.17
  Think Family practice 10.18 - 10.21
  Effectiveness of parenting and family interventions 10.22 - 10.23
  Working with fathers 10.24
  Family Intervention Projects 10.25 - 10.26
  Family Nurse Partnership 10.27 - 10.29


Chapter 11 – Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children who may be particularly vulnerable

  Introduction Paragraph(s) 11.1
  Children living away from home 11.2 - 11.45
  Abuse by children and young people 11.46 - 11.64
  Children whose behaviour indicates a lack of parental control 11.65 - 11.72
  Race and racism 11.73
  Violent extremism 11.74 - 11.78
  Domestic violence 11.79 - 11.92
  Child abuse and information communication technology (ICT) 11.93 - 11.97
  Children with families whose whereabouts are unknown 11.98 - 11.99
  Children who go missing 11.100 - 11.102
  Children who go missing from education 11.103 - 11.107
  Children of families living in temporary accommodation 11.108 11.110
  Migrant children 11.111
  Unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC) 11.112 - 11.117


Chapter 12 – Managing individuals who pose a risk of harm to children  

  Introduction Paragraph(s) 12.1
  Collaborative working 12.2 - 12.3
  Use of the term ‘Schedule One offender’ 12.4 - 12.9
  New offences targeted at those who sexually exploit children and young people 12.10 - 12.11
  Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) 12.12 - 12.25
  Other processes and mechanisms 12.26 - 12.71


Appendices 

  Appendix 1 – Statutory framework
  Appendix 2 – Framework for the Assessment of Children in Need
  Appendix 3 – Using standardised assessment tools to evidence assessment and decision making
  Appendix 4 – MOD child protection contacts  
  Appendix 5 – Procedures for managing allegations against people who work with children  
  Appendix 6 – Faith community contacts and resources  
  Appendix 7 – A guide to acronyms in the document  
  References and internet links